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3 edition of Abstracts on the chemical aspects of jute fibres found in the catalog.

Abstracts on the chemical aspects of jute fibres

F. R. Al-Siddique

Abstracts on the chemical aspects of jute fibres

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  • 26 Currently reading

Published by Chemistry Division, Atomic Energy Centre in Dacca .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Jute fiber -- Chemistry -- Abstracts.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes index.

    StatementAl-Siddique, F.R., Sheikh, R.A.
    ContributionsSheikh, R. A., joint author.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTS1735 .A54
    The Physical Object
    Pagination92 p. ;
    Number of Pages92
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4249078M
    LC Control Number80908001


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Abstracts on the chemical aspects of jute fibres by F. R. Al-Siddique Download PDF EPUB FB2

Thereafter a brief introduction was given on physical and chemical structure and properties of jute fibre. The chemical nature including its functionality and its inter-unit linkages are described for understanding of the composite and multifunctional nature of jute fibres mainly composed off cellulose, hemi-cellulose and lignin besides some minor constituents.

Abstract: Among all bast fibres, jute is one of the most significant and versatile fibres of commercial and technical importance. Jute, also a cellulosic fibre, ranks next to cotton in terms of production. Jute is an annual herbaceous plant mainly cultivated in the equatorial, the tropical and the sub-tropical zones.

ABSTRACT The lipid and lignin composition of jute fibers has been characterized. The most predominant lipophilic compounds were high molecular weight ester waxes (24% of total extract), followed by free fatty acids (17%), free fatty alcohols (17%) and α-hydroxyfatty acids (14%).

Additionally, significant amounts of alkanes (6%), ω. Fibre-specific processes for cellulosic fibres, such as cotton and the bast fibres, include mercerising, which improves properties such as dyeing and lustre, and chemical cross-linking treatments to improve the wrinkle recovery of fabrics.

Jute fiber after retting For proper fiber treatment to take place, suitable chemicals ď ˇ Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) solution is are used depending on the kind of chemical.

Study on the Chemical Modification Process of Jute Fiber. Wei-ming Wang 1,2, Zai-sheng Cai, Ph.D., Jian-yong Yu, Ph.D 1Key Laboratory of Science & Technology of Eco-Textile, Ministry of Education. 2College of Chemical and Chemistry Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai, P.R.

CHINA. 3Modern Textile Institute of Donghua University, Shanghai, P.R. CHINA. Jute is a bast fiber. Different types of natural and man-made fibers are available in the world. So it is essential to know the properties of fibers.

Without that it is not possible to separate one fiber from others. Every fiber has its own properties. Jute is a natural fiber. It has some physical and chemical properties.

Define Jute Fiber | Chemical Composition of Jute Fiber | Defects in Jute A bast fiber used for sacking, burlap, and twine as a backing material for tufted carpets. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibres and is second only to cotton in amount produced and variety of uses of vegetable fibres.

In this work, jute fiber was used as a source of cellulose fiber. Chemical processes for the purification, mechanical dispersion in Ultra Turrax and modifications with titanium isopropoxide (TiP), 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS), as well as double modification with both TiP and APTMS, were used to obtain fibers with reduced diameter and less agglomeration and adhesion to polar polymers Cited by: 3.

Studies have been carried out on chemical treatments of jute fibers in order to hinder moisture absorption, which causes incompatibility with a non-polar polymer, and to increase the surface roughness for mechanical interlocking. The objective of this research is to improve the interfacial adhesion between jute fibers and polypropylene by oxidative by:   Some important aspects of jute fiber and its use as reinforcement in polymer composites are discussed.

The use of cellulose nano fibrils as a filler in polymer composites is overviewed. Different chemical, physical, and biological methods for surface modification of natural fibers are discussed in detail. The final section deals with the physical and chemical characteristics of jute fibre and with finishing finishing Subject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment see more details, processing, spinning and weaving.

While there is some inconsistency in units employed (seers and maunds rub shoulders with pounds and acres) the book in Cited by: Jute composite materials consist of jute fibres of high strength and modulus embedded in or bonded to a matrix with distinct interfaces (boundary) between them.

In this form, both fibres and matrix retain their physical and chemical identities, yet they produce a combination of. Present research investigates the mechanical properties of jute-coir fiber reinforced hybrid polypropylene (PP) composite with fiber loading variation and observes the effect of chemical treatment.

Bast and Other Plant Fibres, a title in Woodhead Publishing’s series on fibres published in association with The Textile Institute, UK, is the first book in over 50 years to cover the most interesting plant fibres and those with high annual production. Some advantages accrued in regard to process performance (energy efficiency and less fibre droppage during carding) during yarn making for 4% mixed-enzyme-treated jute fibres at 55°C for 2 h over.

Abstract. This chapter deals with the structural, thermal and mechanical characterization of sisal fibers extracted from the plant Agave sisalana. The surfaces of these fibers are modified using different chemical and physical treatments in order to obtain a strong interface between fibers and the polymeric matrices while developing a composite.

The chemical treatment of fiber aimed at improving the adhesion between the fiber surface and the polymer matrix may not only modify the fiber surface but also increase fiber strength. The chemical treatment processes of untreated jute fiber are shown in Scheme 1.

About 20 g of untreated jute fiber was bleached in 1 L NaClO2 (7gL-1) solution buffered at pH 4. The reaction was carried out at ºC for 90 min maintaining the fiber to liquor ratio Cited by: 5. The content covers different aspects of jute-based composites, including their mechanical and physical properties, structure, morphology, chemical composition, fiber modification techniques, surface treatments, jute based hybrid composites, limitations, and applications.

Jute is a natural lignocellulosic fiber which constitutes α-cellulose along with hemicellulose and lignin (Lewin ).This fiber is increasingly popular due to its biodegradability, high tensile strength, and better permeability (Bhuiyan et al.

; Ghosh et al. ).Therefore, the demand of naturally biodegradable and eco-friendly fibers like jute is rising gradually in recent times Cited by: 8. The popularity of jute-based bio and hybrid composites is mainly due to an increase in environmental concerns and pollution.

Jute fibers have low cost, high abundance, and reasonable mechanical properties. Research in all-natural fibers and composites have increased exponentially due to the environment concerns of the hazards of synthetic fibers-based by: 1.

Cotton, jute, hemp, flax and kenaf are some examples of primary fibre plants that are grown for their high fibre content, while pineapple, oil palm, and coir are secondary fibre plants where the fibres are produced as a by-product (Faruk et al.

THE JUTE AND JUTE TEXTILE INDUSTRY The Jute industry occupies an important place in the national economy of India.

It is one of the major industries in the eastern region, particularly in West Bengal. Jute, the golden fibre, meets all the standards for ‗safe‘ packaging in view of being a natural, renewable, biodegradable and eco-friendlyFile Size: KB. investigate the structural changesin jute fibers after different chemical treatments.

FIGURE 1. Scheme of jute stem and the ransverse t section [5,9,10]. TABLE I Approximate chemical composition of bast fibers (%)[5]. Fiber Cellulose Hemicellulose Pectin Lignin Fat/Wax Hemp File Size: KB.

The Korean Fiber Society (KFS) was established in as an organization consisting of professors, researchers, students and related experts with a mutual aim towards the advancement of theory, application, and technology.

View all updates. Societies, partners and affiliations. The Korean Fiber Society. Submission guidelines Ethics. The Jute has many positive impacts on the Environment. It is an environment friendly fibre in many aspects.

The fibre is environment friendly and its products are also environment friendly and better than the synthetic fibres.

It has others indirect role on the economy by impacting on environment. The green leaf is the source of vegetable. The composition, structure, physicochemical properties, and optical properties of the raw jute and the treated jute were studied in this work.

The results of FT-IR and SEM indicated that both alkali scouring and hydrogen peroxide bleaching exhibited good ability to remove non-cellulose materials, and the results were further confirmed by the composition by: Abstract: Introducing geotextile -- Introduction -- Historical background -- Man-made geotextiles -- Natural geotextiles -- Methods of manufacturing geotextiles -- Functions of geotextiles -- Jute and jute geotextile (JGT) -- Jute fibre -- Properties of jute fibre -- Chemical composition and structure of jute fibre -- Grading of jute fibre.

Natural fibre based composites are under intensive study due to their ecofriendly nature and peculiar properties. The advantage of natural fibres is their continuous supply, easy and safe handling, and biodegradable nature.

Although natural fibres exhibit admirable physical and mechanical properties, it varies with the plant source, species, geography, and so by: plants. Most of the plants cultivated for fiber are grown from seeds annually, as are jute and kenaf, but a few are grown as perennials.

Jute is the most important fiber of this type, and it is probable that, in the industrial and engineering uses of textiles. jute is used more than any other single fiber. Among industrial fiber crops, jute is ranked second to cotton in terms of yield and planting area worldwide.

The traditional water retting and chemical semi-degumming methods restrict the development of the jute industry. Jute fiber can be extracted from jute bast through mechanical rolling (preprocessing), culture of bacteria, soaking fermentation (liquor ratio = 10, inoculum size = 1 % Cited by: 7.

Materials. The locally available raw jute yarn of 10 lb/spyndle with 5 TPI (Twist per inch) shown in Fig. 1, was used without any jute yarn with four different cut lengths (10, 15, 20 and 25 mm) also shown in Fig.

2, were applied with various volumetric percentage on concrete ry Portland cement were applied as binding materials, normal consistency of which was 30 % Cited by: 5. Chemical analysis. The chemical constituents of the matured jute fibre were determined essentially following the method of Sengupta et al.

Finely milled dry jute fibres were thoroughly cleaned of wax and oils in a soxhlet apparatus using a mixture of benzene and ethanol (2: Cited by:   However, few studies were realized with the fiber obtained from the fique plant leaf, its mechanical properties are superior in many aspects in comparison to some other lignocellulosic fibers.

This work investigated the toughness behavior of polyester matrix composites reinforced with up to 30% in volume of a fabric made of fique fiber by means Cited by: 3. Abstract.

The focus of this chapter is to evaluate the flexural, creep, and dynamic mechanical properties of woven jute fabric-reinforced green epoxy composites as a function of modification of jute fibers by enzyme, CO 2-pulsed infrared laser, and ozone selected treatments resulted in the enhancement of flexural properties of : Abdul Jabbar, Abdul Jabbar.

Regenerated cellulose fiber (viscose) falls under the category of man-made fibers, which are made from the chemical-induced transformation of natural polymers. Each year Bangladesh spends huge money to import viscose fibers from different country including India.

Usage of the fibres is increasing day by day in Bangladesh textile industry. In general, the main raw materials of pulp and papermaking industry can be classified into three categories: wood, non-wood, and non-plant (mainly wastepaper), of which non-wood fiber material is an important fiber source in the areas where forest resources are scarce.

Nowadays, in the total pulp consumption of the world, the proportions of wood pulp, wastepaper pulp, and non-wood pulp are 63 Cited by: 2. Safavieh Adirondack Collection ADRA Modern Abstract Area Rug, 5'1" x 7'6", Silver/Black nuLOOM Thigpen Contemporary Area Rug, 5' x 8', Grey, Gray Gray Abstract /5(96).